Saturday, 21 July 2012

SCM Glossary

SCM Glossary

accepted quantity
The quantity of inventory items received from a customer, based on a return
authorization for which you credit the customer.

Accessorial Charge
Accessorial Charges are fees charged by the carrier for additional services incidental to
the main transportation service. These include but are not restricted to any of the
following fees: Handling, Inspection, Receiving, Staging, Picking, Palletizing, etc.

Found in Oracle Advanced Pricing, accruals are monetary or non-monetary units that
are earned and accumulated for later remittance in a form of a monetary or
non-monetary payment. Remittance settlement is based on a predefined basis for

action result
A possible outcome of an order cycle action. You can assign any number of results to a
cycle action. Combinations of actions/results are used as order cycle action
prerequisites. See order cycle, cycle action.

active schedule
A schedule currently running on a production line. A schedule can be active past its
scheduled completion date or before its scheduled start date.

A business action or task which uses a resource or incurs a cost. A unit of work
performed in a process.

activity (item type, name, version)
An Activity is the definition of a unit of work performed in the course of some business
process. All activities are associated with an Item Type, and are identified by name (e.g.
item type: 'ORDER', name 'LEGAL_REVIEW'). Rows in this table represent the
re-usable portion of the activity definition. Additional properties are associated with
activities per usage in a process. Multiple versions of an activity definition are
maintained in this table, which allows the definitions to be updated without disturbing
processes that are in progress. Activities must be one of three possible types: function,
notification, or process. Function Activities are defined by a PL/SQL function which is
executed directly by the workflow engine. Function activities are used to perform fully
automated steps in the process. The defining PL/SQL functions accept standard
arguments and return a completion result. Functions have a cost which indicates the
amount of work the function represents. Notification Activities are completed by some
external entity (e.g. human). These activities have a notification function which is run to
signal the external entity of its need to perform a task. Human notifications are
associated with a Message defined in the Notification system. All notification activities
may have a time-out limit within which the activity must be performed. Process
Definitions are also modeled as activities, which can then be referenced by other
processes. The network of activities and transitions that define the process are
maintained by in the Process Activities and Activity Transitions tables.

activity attribute
A parameter for an Oracle Workflow function activity that controls how the function
activity operates. You define an activity attribute by displaying the activity's Attributes
properties page in the Activities window of Oracle Workflow Builder. You assign a
value to an activity attribute by displaying the activity node's Attribute Values
properties page in the Process window.

Activity Attribute Value (process activity, attribute name)
An Activity Attribute Value is an instance of an Activity Attribute, and is associated
with a usage of the activity definition (the usage being a Process Activity). Each row
stores the name of the attribute, the associated process activity, and the value set for this
usage. For example, the THRESHOLD attribute associated with the CHECK_TOTAL
activity definition might have a value of '1000.00' assigned for the usage of
CHECK_TOTAL in the ORDER_FLOW process. For that specific usage of the activity,
the function would return a result based on a threshold value of 1000.00.

activity specific hold
A hold that will prevent the order/order line from progressing through one specific

address validation
The type of validation you want the system to use for your address, if you are not using
a flexible address format for validation. Address validation can be implemented at three
levels- Error, No Validation, or Warning. 'Error' ensures that all locations exist for your
address before it can be saved. 'Warning' displays a warning message if a tax rate does
not exist for this address (allows you to save the record). No Validation does not
validate the address.

Approval Management Engine.

An Application Programming Interface (API) is a published interface to accomplish a
business or scientific function. An API defines a contract to its users by guaranteeing a
published interface but hides it's implementation details.

assemble-to-order (ATO)
An environment where you open a final assembly order to assemble items that
customers order. Assemble-to-order is also an item attribute that you can apply to
standard, model, and option class items. An item you make in response to a customer

assemble-to-order (ATO) item
An item you make in response to a customer order.

assemble-to-order (ATO) model
A configuration you make in response to a customer order that includes optional items.

An item that has a bill of material. You can purchase or manufacture an assembly item.
see assemble-to-order, bill of material.


ATO item
See assemble-to-order item.

ATO model
Seeassemble-to-order model.

ATP (Available to Promise)
ATP (Available to Promise) typically refers to the ability to promise finished goods
availability based on a statement of current and planned material supply.

Seeavailable to promise.

Any document associated with one or more application entities. You can view
attachments as you review and maintain an entity. Examples include: operation
instructions, purchase order notes, item drawings, or an employee photo.

A basic data element used by Oracle Pricing to control pricing activity. For example,
Pricing uses attributes to define the eligibility of a customer order to receive a particular
price or modifier. In Oracle Pricing, individual attributes are obtained from data sources
that are called contexts. Pricing attributes may also be used as elements of a pricing

Automatic Modifier
In Oracle Pricing, a control that allows you to specify that the Pricing Engine apply a
modifier automatically to a transaction, assuming that the transactions meets the
qualifier eligibility.

Available To Promise (ATP)
The quantity of current on-hand stock, outstanding receipts and planned production
which has not been committed through a reservation or placing demand. In Oracle
Inventory, you define the types of supply and demand that should be included in your
ATP calculation.

available-to-promise rule
A set of Yes/No options for various entities that the user enters in Oracle Inventory. The
combination of the various entities are used to define what is considered supply and
demand when calculating available to promise quantity.

Available To Reserve (ATR)
The quantity of on-hand stock available for reservation. It is the current on-hand stock
less any reserved stock.

An unfulfilled customer order or commitment. Oracle Order Management allows you
to create backorders automatically or manually from released order lines. seePick Release.

backordered lines
Unfulfilled order line details which have failed to be released at least once by Pick
Release or have been backordered by Ship Confirm.

Base Price
The original price for an item obtained from the Price List; the price before any price
adjustments are applied. Also known as List Price.

best discount
The most advantageous discount for the customer. For example, suppose you have a
customer discount of 15% and a item discount of 25% for Product B. If you enter an
order line for the customer for Product A, the line is discounted 15%. If you enter an
order line for the customer for product B, the line is discounted 25%.

best price
An alternative method to precedence which is used to determine which modifier should
be selected when multiple modifiers in the same exclusivity or incompatibility group
are eligible to be applied to the same pricing line within a pricing phase. The modifier
which gives the lowest price or most advantageous price to the customer on the given
pricing line will be applied. See also Precedence.

bill of lading
A carrier's contract and receipt of goods transported from one location to another.

bill of material
A list of component items associated with a parent item and information about how
each item relates to the parent item. Oracle Manufacturing supports standard, model,
option class, and planning bills. The item information on a bill depends on the item type
and bill type. The most common type of bill is a standard bill of material. A standard
bill of material lists the components associated with a product or subassembly. It
specifies the required quantity for each component plus other information to control
work in process, material planning, and other Oracle Manufacturing functions. Also
known as product structures.

bill-to address
The customer's billing address. It is also known as invoice-to address. It is used as a
level of detail when defining a forecast. If a forecast has a bill-to address associated with
it, a sales order only consumes that forecast if the bill-to address is the same.

Blanket Sales Agreement
A sales order for a customer that has specific characteristics related to an order between
a customer and a vendor.

block activity
Activity in a workflow that lets you pause a process until some external program or
manual step completes or some condition is met.

Business Object Document is the model used to communicate a request from one source
application to a destination application. Also called an Open Applications Group
Integration Specification (OAGIS).

A link between a Trading Partner Layer program unit and a Base Layer program unit.

business object
An independent item of significance in the business world, such as an order.

business purpose
The function a particular customer location serves. For example, you would assign the
business purpose of Ship To an address if you ship to that address. If you also send
invoices to that address, you could also assign the business purpose Bill To. Bill To and
Ship To are the only business purposes recognized in Oracle Order Management. Each
customer location must serve at least one function.

Person responsible for placing item resupply orders with suppliers and negotiating
supplier contracts.

call out
A site-specific customization independent of a Trading Partner.

See freight carrier

Passing down of information from an ATO model line to all options chosen for the
model or from a PTO model line to all options defined for it or from a line to all child
shipment schedule lines. For example, Project Id defined for an ATO model line gets
passed down and associated with all options chosen for the model.

Catch Weight
Within the consumer sector, the term catch weight product refers to a class of food
product that because of its nature cannot normally be portioned to a predetermined
quantity and is, as a result, usually sold in packages of varying quantity. Catch weight
functionality allows two units of measure for an item to have a default conversion rate
to each other that can vary within a specified range.
An example of such an item is a wheel of cheese; the wheel has a standard (default)
weight of 10 pounds. However, each individual wheel has its own unique weight; 10.61
pounds for example. The user must be able to override the default to indicate that for a
specific cheese wheel, the weight is actually 10.61 pounds for that 1 wheel of cheese.
Although the term catch weight is most readily identified with the food industry, it is
not limited to food producers.

Code used to group items with similar characteristics, such as plastics, metals, or glass

category set
A feature in Inventory where users may define their own group of categories. Typical
category sets include purchasing, materials, costing, and planning.

component item
An item associated with a parent item on a bill of material.

config item
An item that represents a unique configuration of model(ATO) and its classes and
options. A customer will enter his choice of classes and options for a given ATO model.
This valid configuration of selected items is represented by a config item. A config item
goes through the manufacturing process cycle, and is a shippable item.

A product a customer orders by choosing a base model and a list of options. It can be
shipped as individual pieces as a set (kit) or as an assembly (configuration item).

configuration bill of material
The bill of material for a configuration item.

Configuration Creation Date
Date when the configuration was created in the configurator.

Configuration Effective Date
Date configurator uses to filter effective nodes and rules.

configuration item
The item that corresponds to a base model and a specific list of options. Bills of Material
creates a configuration item for assemble-to-order models.

Configuration Model Lookup Date
Date configurator uses to look-up the publication for the model.

A window that allows you to choose options available for a particular model, thus
defining a particular configuration for the model.

configure-to-order (CTO)
An environment where you enter customer orders by choosing a base model and then
selecting options from a list of choices.

consigned location
The physical location of inventories that resides on the property of buyers and sellers
through a consigned agreement with the manufacturer.

consigned to (name of consignee)
Show the exact name of the receiver of the goods, whether an individual person, party,
firm or corporation.

A representative responsible for communication between you and a specific part of
your customer's agency. For example, your customer may have a shipping contact
person who handles all questions regarding orders sent to that address. The contact's
responsibility is the contact role.

contact notifications
How will we notify given contacts when certain business conditions arise. For example,
if a shipment of product to a customer is going to be late, you may wish to notify the
account manager that they should call the customer and let them know the problem.

contact role
A responsibility you associate to a specific contact. Oracle Automotive provides Bill To,
Ship To, and Statements, but you can enter additional responsibilities.

Converged Inventory Model
Process and Discrete Inventory Models are now usable as a single Inventory model –
Oracle Inventory.

Converts foreign currency transactions to your functional currency.see foreign currency

Credit Card Authorization
Verifying the authenticity of the credit card holder by checking the credit card security
Credit Card Encryption
Credit card number, credit card holder name, expiration date, and other credit card
sensitive information is stored in an encrypted format in Oracle Payments.

Credit Card Security Code
A 3-4 digit number printed on the back of the credit card for verification and security.

current date
The present system date.

Current Location
The location where the sold items is, e.g. an Oracle laptop could be at a user's home.

current on-hand quantity
Total quantity of the item on-hand before a transaction is processed.

As a party to a contract, the customer is responsible for oversight of the contract,
payments and any agreed-to obligations with the contractor. The organization which is
in the process of placing an order with the company.

Customer Acceptance
Acceptance of the goods by customers before billing or after billing. The acceptance can
be implicit or explicit.

customer account
Models a customer relationship between the company deploying Oracle Applications
and a party.

customer account Layer
The customer account layer is composed of customer accounts, customer account sites,
and related tables; all of which store information about terms negotiated between you
and a party who is entered in the registry.

Customer Account Site
A party site that is used within the context of a customer account; e.g., for billing or
shipping purposes.

customer address
A location where your customer can be reached. A customer may have many addresses.
You can also associate business purposes with addresses. Also known as customer
location. seecustomer site.

customer agreement
See agreement.

customer agreement type
See agreement type.

customer bank
A bank account you define when entering customer information to allow funds to be
transferred from these accounts to your remittance bank accounts as payment for goods
or services provided. seeremittance bank.

customer business purpose
See business purpose.

customer class
A method to classify and group your customers. For example, you could group them by
their business type, size, or location. You can create an unlimited number of customer

customer/item model
Allows you to define specific attributes for items per customer class, customer and
ship-to/bill-to location. The loading order forward/reverse - inverted/non-inverted is an
example of this attribute.

customer item number
Item Number used only by a particular customer, and it represents the item's name
used in the customer's organization.

customer item vs. supplier item
In Oracle Order Management, the term item refers to the supplier's item. In Oracle
Order Management, the term customer item refers to the item as in the customer's

customer item/order item
In Oracle Order Management the term item refers to the supplier's item. In Oracle
Order Management the term customer item' is exactly that.

customer job number
The number customers assign to jobs on their production line. These numbers are
arbitrarily assigned and not sequential.

customer line number Vs. supplier line number
The term customer line number represents the line sequence number as defined in the
Purchasing application. Once this number or code is assigned to a line in the purchase
order, it should not be changed. The general term supplier line number or Oracle Order
Management's 'order line number represents the line sequence number as defined in the
Order Management application. Once this number or code is assigned to a line in the
sales order, it should not be changed.

customer production sequence number
A customer (trading partner) may have a particular sequence in which items are built
into an assembly. For example, the customer may specify that the front axle of a car has
a production sequence 45 assigned to it, while the production sequence of the rear axle
is 46. seeloading order sequence,planning production sequence number.

See : Credit Card Security Code

Attributes are used to communicate date values.

date effectivity
Method to control the configuration of an assembly by assigning date ranges for the
parent/component relationships. Component selection by MPS and MRP is based upon
which components are valid for the date the components are required.

Defaulting refers to the supply of a value for a field that has no value.

defaulting condition
Defaulting condition is a Boolean condition built as a composite of defaulting criteria
attribute validations, which will determine at run time how an object attribute should be defaulted.

A set of order lines to be shipped to a customer's ship-to location on a given date in a
given vehicle. Multiple deliveries can be grouped into a single departure. A single
delivery may include items from different sales orders and may include backorders as
well as regular orders.

delivery date
The date on which the product is to arrive at the Ship-To Location. This date is either
specified by the customer on a delivery-based demand transaction, or calculated by
applying in-transit lead time to a customer-specified Shipment Date.

delivery detail
Contains items to be shipped out of a warehouse. This may be a sales order line, an
RMA line, a WIP line or a PO line. They can be referred to as deliverables.

Delivery Instruction (DELINS)
The Delivery Instruction Message is sent by a buyer to provide information regarding
details for both short term delivery instructions and medium-to-long-term requirements
for planning purposes according to conditions set out in a contract or order.

delivery lead time
Time (in days) is takes for items to reach the customer once it is shipped. It accounts for
any non-working days in between.

delivery line
A shippable and booked line from the planning pool which has been allocated to a
delivery. After allocation, the line is no longer available in the planning pool. After the
delivery is closed, the delivery line will also be considered closed.

demand class
A classification of demand to allow the master scheduler to track and consume different
types of demand. A demand class may represent a particular grouping of customers,
such as government and commercial customers. Demand classes may also represent
different sources of demand, such as retail, mail order, and wholesale.

The city or unincorporated community name is important as freight charges are based
on the actual destination of the shipment.

Some states have more than one city, town, or community with the same name. It is
necessary to pinpoint the actual destination in these cases by indicating the county in
which the destination is located.

The destination street name and number are very important. The consignee is extremely
difficult to locate without the exact and proper street address where the shipment is to
be delivered. Therefore to avoid additional delivery charges and possible delays, it is
imperative that this information be furnished.

The zip is required to determine the exact location of the shipping point. Zip codes are
the basis for many carriers freight charges presented to the user as a workbench.

detail container
Inner container that is enclosed within the master container. See master container.

discount amount
This is the difference between the list price and the selling price for the item. If the
discount was specified as an amount discount, then this value will not change even if
the price list changes. For example, if Item A's list price is $10, and we have a 20%
discount, then the discount amount is $2. If we then change price lists, and Item A will
cost $20 on the new price list, the discount amount for that same 20% discount now
becomes $4. If however, the discount was not a percentage and was an "amount"
discount of $2, then whether the list price for the associated price list is $10, $20, or $5,
the discount amount will always be $2.

discount percent
This is the selling price/list price (multiplied by 100 to make it a percentage). If the
discount was specified as a percent discount, then this value will not change even if the
price list changes. For example, if Item A's list price is $10, and we have a 20% discount,
then the discount amount is $2. If we then change price lists, and Item A will cost $20 on
the new price list, the discount amount for that same 20% discount now becomes $4, but
the percentage is still 20%. If however, the discount was not a percentage and was an
amount discount of $2, then whether the list price for the associated price list is $10, $20,
or $5, the discount amount will always be $2. In that case, the percentage would be
different for every price list.

Is a Modifier type in Oracle Pricing that creates Pricing Adjustments which allows
Pricing Engine to extend a reduced price for an order, specific line item, or group of

Any document that furnishes information to support a business object or an action on
the business object. Examples include: a purchase order document, an invoice
document, a word processing file listing receiving instructions, CAD files citing an
item's specifications, or video instructions of an assembly operation.

drop shipment
A method of fulfilling sales orders by selling products without handling, stocking, or
delivering them. The selling company buys a product from a supplier and has the
supplier ship the product directly to customers.

SeeElectronic Data Interchange (EDI).

effective dates
Start date and end date that a price, discount, surcharge, deal, promotion, or change is

Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
Exchanging business documents electronically between trading partners. EDI
subscribes to standard formats for conducting these electronic transactions as stated by
various standards.

end item unit number
End Item Unit Number, sometimes abbreviated as Unit Number, uniquely identifies
which bill of material to be used for building a specific Model/Unit Number Effectivity
controlled item.

export paper
A document required by governmental agencies that provides information on goods
shipped out of or into a country.

export licenses
A government license to supply certain products to certain countries that would
otherwise be restricted.

extended line amount
Oracle Order Management prints the extended order line amount for each order line.

extended price
The extended price is the cost of the line. This is computed by multiplying the selling
price per unit by the number of units ordered on that line. Thus, if two of item A cost
$10.00 each, the extended price is $20.00 for the line.

external forecast
This is the forecast that is created based on the customers transmitted forecasted
demand for a specific time horizon. The transmission of this forecast is predominantly
via EDI. In Release Management any forecast information that is interfaced to MRP by
the Demand Processor is considered external forecast.

external system
Any application outside of the Oracle environment.

flexfield segment
One of the parts of your key flexfield, separated from the other parts by a symbol you
choose (such as -, /, or \). Each segment typically represents a cost center, company,
item family, or color code.

References to Application forms which can be used to either view additional
information about the work item, or perform the activity requested by the notification.
The Notification Viewer will allow the responder to launch these forms.

A mathematical formula used in Oracle Pricing to define item pricing or modifier
adjustments. You create a pricing formula by combining pricing components and
assigning a value to the components.

Freight and Special Charges
Freight and special charges can be entered with the original order. The functionality of
Freight and Special Charges for Order Management is not yet finalized. The layout of
this report should eventually include display of the Freight and Special Charges.

freight on board(FOB)
The point or location where the ownership title of goods is transferred from the seller to
the buyer.

freight carrier
A commercial company used to send item shipments from one address to another.

freight charges
A shipment-related charge added during ship confirmation and billed to your

freight consolidation
The grouping of deliveries to obtain reduced costs or improved utilization of the
transportation function. Consolidation can occur by market area grouping, grouping
according to scheduled deliveries or using third party pooling services such as public
warehouses and freight forwarders.

freight terms
An agreement indicating who pays the freight costs of an order and when they are to be
paid. Freight terms do not affect accounting freight charges. They can charged to the
customer in the order/delivery/invoice or not. In the former case, the selling company
pays the charges.

The city or unincorporated community name is important as freight charges are based
on the actual origin of the shipment.

A street name and number are necessary as some companies have more than on
shipping location in the same city, town or community. The actual pick up point is
essential for tracing purposes.

The zip is required to determine the exact location of the shipping point. Zip codes are
the basis for many carriers freight charges.

Term to describe the independence of the Archive data from the standing data.

frozen fence
An optional Release Management setup feature which defines a range of days from. The
frozen fence instructs the Demand Processor to leave existing sales order demand intact
if the schedule indicates changes to demand within this time.

fulfilled quantity
In the Order Management schema, the accepted quantity was the number of items
received from the customer on a given line that are approved to issue credit for. In
Order Management, the accepted quantity is referred to as the fulfilled quantity.

Fulfilled sales order lines have successfully completed all Workflow processing
activities up to the point of becoming eligible for invoicing.

fulfillment method
Fulfillment method is an activity which will be considered as a prerequisite before a line
or a group of lines can be fulfilled. The fulfillment method must be associated with one
and only one work flow activity. In this document fulfillment method and fulfillment
activity have been used in the same context. If no fulfillment activity has been set in a
flow for a line which is not part of any fulfillment set or PTO/KIT, the line will not wait
at the fulfillment.

fulfillment set
Items in a fulfillment set will be available for scheduling and shipping only when all the
items are available and ready to be scheduled/shipped. Fulfillment sets can be complete
only, or partially allowed but in proportions. ATO model, and a PTO Ship model
Complete will be in a fulfillment set.

OM allows you to group lines into a fulfillment set and to establish a “gate” activity in your workflow process. Lines in a fulfillment set will wait until all lines in the set have been fulfilled to proceed through the gate. This gate is known as the fulfillment activity. The fulfillment feature is primarily designed to allow the grouping of related lines and to keep any lines in the group from being invoiced until all lines have been fulfilled. You may find additional uses for the fulfillment functionality in your business. This feature did not exist in previous releases of
Oracle Order Entry.

A PL/SQL stored procedure referenced by an Oracle Workflow function activity that
can enforce business rules, perform automated tasks within an application, or retrieve
application information. The stored procedure accepts standard arguments and returns
a completion result. See function activity

function activity
An automated Oracle Workflow unit of work that is defined by a PL/SQL stored
procedure. Seefunction

functional currency
Currency you use to record transactions and maintain your accounting information.
The functional currency is generally the currency used to perform most of your
company's business transactions. You determine the functional currency for the set of
books you use in your organization. Also called base currency.

General Services Administration

generic agreement
An agreement without a specified customer, so it is available to all customers. see
agreementcustomer family agreement.

generic hold
A hold that will prevent the order/order line processing. E.g. if a customer has bad
credit history, a hold should be placed such that it prevents the customer's orders from
progressing to the next activity.

The value before tax is calculated. The value on which tax is calculated.

goods or services.
This document also lists any tax, freight charges, and payment term.

GRN (Goods Received Note)
Goods Received Note. Synonym for receipt or material receipt.

gross margin
The difference between total revenue and the cost of goods sold. Syn: gross profit

gross margin percent
Calculated as (Selling Price minus Cost) times 100 divided by Selling Price. However,
sometimes calculated as (Selling Price minus Cost) times 100 divided by Cost.

gross weight
The weight of the fully loaded vehicle, container, or item, including packed items and
packaging material.

Group API
An API intended for use by other Oracle Application modules that have been
authorized by the owning module. This form of API is less strict in its controls as
compared to the Public API.

group number
The group no. for conditions that should together evaluate to TRUE (AND conditions).

GSA(General Services Administration)
GSA (General Services Administration): a customer classification that indicates the
customer is a U.S. government customer. For products on the GSA price list, a fixed
price must be used, defined on the GSA contract. The items contained on the GSA price
list cannot be sold to commercial customers for the same or less price than the
government price. In other terms, the price offered to the government must be the
minimum in the market.

GSA Discounts
Discounts that can be specifically defined for giving the lowest selling price to some or
all of the GSA customers.
A customer classification that indicates the customer is a U.S. government customer and
pricing for products on the GSA price sheet should reflect the fixed pricing of the GSA
contract. Whenever a product is on the GSA price sheet, it cannot be sold to commercial
customers for the same or less price than the government customer.

A contractual obligation to purchase a specified amount of goods or services over a
predefined period of time.

A feature that prevents an order or order line from progressing through the order cycle.
You can place a hold on any order or order line.

hold criteria
A criterion used to place a hold on an order or order line. A hold criteria can include
customers, customer sites, orders, and items.

hold source
An instruction for Order Management to place a hold on all orders or lines that meet
criteria you specify. Create a hold source when you want to put all current and future
orders for a particular customer or for a particular item on automatic hold. Order
Management gives you the power to release holds for specific orders or order lines,
while still maintaining the hold source. Oracle Order Management holds all new and
existing orders for the customer or item in your hold source until you remove the hold

hold type
Indicates the kind of hold you place on an order or order line.

included item
A standard mandatory component in a bill, indicating that it ships (if shippable)
whenever its parent item is shipped. Included items are components of models, kits,
and option classes.

internal item number
The internal representation of Item's Name within your organization.

internal order
A sales order in the Order Management system that is generated from an internal
requisition in the Purchasing system and loaded into OM through Order Import.

internal requisition
A requisition in the Purchasing system that will directly result in the generation of a sales order
in the Order Management system through the Order Import process in OM.

internal sales order
A request within your company for goods or services. An internal sales order originates
from an employee or from another process as a requisition, such as inventory or
manufacturing, and becomes an internal sales order when the information is transferred
from Purchasing to Order Management. Also known asinternal requisition or purchase

inventory allocation
The act of assigning on hand inventory to specific orders.

inventory item
Items you stock in inventory. You control inventory for inventory items by quantity and
value. Typically, the inventory item remains an asset until you consume it. You
recognize the cost of an inventory item as an expense when you consume it or sell it.
You generally value the inventory for an item by multiplying the item standard cost by the quantity on hand.
inventory organization
An organization that tracks inventory transactions and balances, and/or that
manufactures or distributes products.
invoice set
A invoice set is a group of order lines, linked by a common number, that you want the
full quantity to invoice together. Thus, one invoice will contain amounts owed for the
purchase of items put in one invoice set. ATO model, and a PTO Ship model Complete
will be in a invoice set. Invoice sets can be complete only, or partially allowed but in
invoice to contact
How will we record or default the name of the person to whom the invoice will be sent.
This is the person that the Accounts Receivable clerk will contact in the event of
invoicing or collection queries.
invoice value
The total outstanding order value that needs to be invoiced.
invoicing rules
Rules that Oracle Receivables uses to determine when you bill your invoices. You can
bill In Advance or In Arrears.
issue transaction
A material transaction to issue component items from inventory to work in process.
iStore is the Oracle self-service application that allows customers to order products
using a browser.
A document or transaction. Example: Order 1000
Anything you make, purchase, or sell, including components, subassemblies, finished
products, or supplies. Oracle Manufacturing also uses items to represent planning items
that you can forecast, standard lines that you can include on invoices, and option
classes you can use to group options in model and option class bills.
item attribute value (item type, key, attribute name)
An Item Attribute Value is an instance of an Item Attribute that is associated with a
particular workflow item. For example, the TOTAL attribute associate with the ORDER
item type would have a value row in this table for the specific instance of item 1003.
Using the Workflow API, Item Attribute Values can be looked up and set by any
activity in the process, and by the external workflow managed application. Item
attribute values are used to substitute runtime values into Message tokens when
notifications are sent from Workflow.
item attributes
Specific characteristics of an item, such as order cost, item status, revision control,
COGS account, etc.
item category
item groups
A group of related products that can be added to one or more price lists.
key indicators
A report that lists statistical receivables and collections information that lets you review
trends and projections. Also, an Oracle Applications feature you use to gather and
retain information about your productivity, such as the number of invoices paid. You
define key indicators periods, and Oracle Automotive provides a report that shows
productivity indicators for your current and prior period activity.
An item that has a standard list of components (or included items) you ship when you
process an order for that item. A kit is similar to a pick-to-order model because it has
shippable components, but it has no options and you order it directly by its item
number, not using the configuration selection screen.
list price
In Oracle Pricing, the base selling price per unit of the item, item category or service
offered. You define the list price on a price list. All price adjustments are applied
against the list price.
loading order
Determines the order in which items are loaded on a truck for delivery in the requested
production sequence. The loading order can be forward, reverse - inverted, or
loading sequence number
The number that results by manually selecting loading order at Shipping Transaction
window. See Shipping. This will be stored in the delivery line.
A shorthand name for an address. Location appears in address lists of values to let you
select the correct address based on an intuitive name. For example, you may want to
give the location name of 'Receiving Dock' to the Ship To business purpose of 100 Main
Street. See kanban location.
A point in geographical space described by a street address.
Location Codes/ Trading Partner Site Codes
Typically the customer expects their own location codes in all transactions, e.g., bill to
location code, ship to location codes for locations that they own. Supplier expects their
own location codes e.g., supplier, warehouse for locations that they own in all
transactions. Location codes, such as the ship to location and the supplier location, must
be cross referenced in the EDI Gateway or the EDI Translator. so the appropriate codes
can be written to the application open interface tables. Sample of these code are on the
N1 segment in the ASC X12 860 sample transactions in the Transaction Samples in this
document. They will be found in the EDIFACT NAD segment also.
Physical area within a subinventory where you store material, such as a row, aisle, bin,
or shelf.
A service commercial banks offer corporate customers to enable them to outsource their
accounts receivable payment processing. Lockbox processors set up special postal codes
to receive payments, deposit funds and provide electronic account receivable input to
corporate customers. A lockbox operation can process millions of transactions a month.
logical organization
A business unit that tracks items for accounting purposes but does not physically exist.
Attributes are validated by a lookup type. The lookup code is stored in the attribute, but
the code's translated meaning will be displayed whenever the attribute value is viewed
by an end user.
lookup code
The internal name of a value defined in an Oracle Workflow lookup type. see lookup
lookup type
An Oracle Workflow predefined list of values. Each value in a lookup type has an
internal and a display name. see lookup code
A specific batch of an item identified by a number.
mandatory component
A component in a bill that is not optional. Bills of Material distinguishes required
components from options in model and option class bills of material. Mandatory
components in pick-to-order model bills are often referred to as included items,
especially if they are shippable.
material transaction
Transfer between, issue from, receipt to, or adjustment to an inventory organization,
subinventory, or locator. Receipt of completed assemblies into inventory from a job or
repetitive schedule. Issue of component items from inventory to work in process.
Indicates whether the method of transport such as air, ocean/marine, rail, truck, etc.
model bill of material
A bill of material for a model item. A model bill lists option classes and options
available when you place an order for the model item.
Model Line Creation Date
Date the model was entered on the sales order. The date used by Order Management to
determine which options to display in the Order Management Options window.
model item
An item whose bill of material lists options and option classes available when you place
an order for the model item.
Model/Unit Effectivity Control
Model/Unit Number Effectivity Control requires that the effectivity of a component in a
bill of material be expressed against a specific unit or a range of units of the end item.
For all items, you must either specify the effectivity of the item is under Date Effective
Control or under Model/Unit Number Effectivity Control.
model/unit number effectivity
A method of controlling which components are used to make an end item based on an
assigned end item model/unit number.
model/unit number effectivity
A method of controlling what components go into making an end-item based on an
assigned end item model/unit number. An end item model/unit number field is an
alphanumeric field that is usually concatenated with a model prefix and a sequential
unit number, e.g. FAN-0001. Unique configurations are specific by defining
parent-component relationships for a particular end item model/unit number. Multiple
unique configurations can be established for a single end-item part by assigning
different model/unit number effectivities.
A Model is a control element that identifies a particular configuration of an end item
and associates it with one or more contracts (e.g. Boeing 747). However, this
information is embedded as a prefix in naming the unique end item model/unit number
identifier, there is no link to ATO/PTO model items. A unit is a specific end item (e.g. a
tail number) within the model designation.
Subassemblies or components at levels beyond major assembly can be under date
effectivity control if there is no need to identify its configuration by end item unit
number. You need to decide how deep in your bill structure that you are planning to
use Model/Unit Number Effectivity into the inventory so that you can distinguish your
various configuration. Once you identify a part to be under model/unit number
effectivity control, all its parent assemblies has to be under model/unit number
effectivity control.
Component selection by MPS and MRP is based upon which components are valid for
the specific end item model/unit numbers.
Defines the terms of how Oracle Pricing will make adjustments. For example, a modifier
can take the form of: discounts, or surcharges. In Oracle Pricing, when you setup
modifiers, you define the adjustments your customers may receive. You control the
application of modifiers by the pricing engine by also setting up rules that specify
qualifiers and attributes governing their use.
modifier list
A grouping of modifiers in Oracle Pricing.
Need By Date
The date in the purchase order system that indicates when the item needs to be received
in order for it to be of value to the requestor.
net weight
Weight of the contained load. Commonly calculated as GROSS - TARE, this includes the
weight of any packing materials (paper, cardboard separators, Styrofoam peanuts, etc.).
Not authorized to ship
Demand that is planned to be ready on the date scheduled but not sent to the customers
until some authorizing event occurs like Receipt of funds where prepayment has been
requested. Credit approval for credit held orders. Customer Demand signal for Just In
Time deliveries.
Activities are completed by some external entity (e.g. human). These activities have a "
notification function" which is run to signal the external entity of its need to perform a
task. Human notifications are associated with a Message defined in the Notification
system. All notification activities may have a "time-out" limit within which the activity
must be performed. Process Definitions are also modeled as activities, which can then
be referenced by other processes. The network of activities and transitions that define
the process are maintained by in the Process Activities and Activity Transitions tables.
Notification Attributes
(notification id, attribute name) For every notification, there will be a list of Notification
Attributes, which hold the runtime value for each of the message attributes. These
values are used to substitute subject and body tokens, and to hold user responses.
(notification id) Notifications are instances of messages which were actually sent to
some role. The row as status flags to record the state of the notification, as well as date
fields for when the notification was sent, due, and responded to. A new row is created
in the Notifications table each time a message is sent to a role. The row persists even
after the notification has been responded too, until a purge operation moves to closed
notifications to an archive.
attributes are used to communicate number values.
one-time item
An item you want to order but do not want to maintain in the Items window. You
define a one-time item when you create a requisition or purchase order. You can report
or query on a one-time item by specifying the corresponding item class.
one-time note
A unique message you can attack to an order, return, order line, or return line to convey
important information.
open interface
A Manufacturing function that lets you import or export data from other systems
through an open interface. An example is a bar code reader device accumulating data
you later import into your manufacturing system for further processing.
An optional item component in an option class or model bill of material.
option class
A group of related option items. An option class is orderable only within a model. An
option class can also contain included items.
option class bill of material
A bill of material for an option class item that contains a list of related options.
option class item
An item whose bill of material contains a list of related options.
option item or Option
A non-mandatory item component in an option class or model bill of material.
optional matching attributes
Matching Attributes which can vary based on the business needs of specific business
entities or schedule type associated with the demand.
Oracle Application Data Store
The set of source data tables in each transaction instance that contain data relevant to
Oracle Self-Service Web Applications
Oracle Self-Service Web Applications is a family of Oracle Applications products
designed for secure, self-service business transactions across the Internet or corporate
intranets. OSSWA combines and extends the functionality of several core applications.
OSSWA is an extension of Oracle Applications. The suite of products for the Web
delivers self-service information using dynamically generated HTML pages over the
Web. OSSWA uses the Web Applications Dictionary to supply many of the rules
governing navigation and access to data and queries.
Group of lines ordered together by a customer.
order book
Collective term for unfulfilled orders.
order category
An Order Transaction Type can be for any of the following Order Categories: ORDER,
RETURN, or MIXED. Line Transaction Types can be for any of the categories: ORDER
or RETURN. When an Order is created with a particular Transaction Type, the Order
Category code determines which lines are permitted for that order. If the category code
is ORDER, then the order can have only regular Lines. If the category code is RETURN,
then the order can have only return lines. If the category code is MIXED, then the order
can have both kinds of lines.
order cycle
A sequence of actions you or Order Management perform on an order to complete the
order. An order cycle lets you define the activity an order follows from initial entry
through closing. You can define as many order cycles as your business requires. Order
cycles are assigned to order types. See action result.
order gross margin percent
Order margin percent is calculated as: 'total order revenue (minus tax) minus total
order cost' divided by total order revenue.' Or divided by total order cost, if using the
alternate formula for Gross Margin Percent.
Order Import
Order Import is an Oracle Order Management's Open Interface that import orders from
an internal or external source, Oracle or Non-Oracle system, which performs all the
validations before importing the order, that a normal order entered through the Sales
Order window would have gone through.
Order Processing Cycle
A sequence of actions you or Order Management perform on an order to complete the
order. An order cycle lets you define the activity an order follows from initial entry
through closing. Each order line goes through a cycle appropriate to the order type, line
type (standard, return or internal) and item type (standard, model, shippable,
transactable, etc.) of that line.
order scheduling
order type
Classification of an order. In Order Management, this controls an order's workflow
activity, order number sequence, credit check point, and transaction type.
Order Import
An Order Management open interface that allows you to import your transaction
information from an original system into Oracle Automotive. See feeder program.
A business unit such as a plant, warehouse, division, department, and so on. Order
Management refers to organizations as warehouses on all Order Management windows
and reports.
pack slip
An external shipping document that accompanies a shipment itemizing in detail the
contents of that shipment.
Package level tags
Package level tags can appear anywhere after a "CREATE OR REPLACE" statement and
before any uncommented package contents, including variables, program units, etc. For
--<TPA_LAYER=layer name>
indicates that the package belongs to the specified Trading Partner Layer.
packing instructions
Notes that print on the pack slip. These instructions are for external shipping personnel.
For example, you might wish to warn your carriers of a fragile shipment or your
customer's receiving hours.
page region
A region applied to a dataflow page. For example, if you associate the Customer
Address region with the Customer page, you create a page region. Page regions are
defined in the Page Regions window.
A variable used to restrict information in a report, or determine the form of a report. For
example, you may want to limit your report to the current month, or display
information by supplier number instead of supplier name.
A status where a process or transaction is waiting to be completed.
pick release
An order cycle action to notify warehouse personnel that orders are ready for picking.
pick release batch
Seepicking batch.
pick release rule
A user-defined set of criteria to define what order lines should be selected during pick
pick release sequence rule
The rule for pick release that decides the order in which eligible order line details
request item reservations from Oracle Inventory.
pick slip
Internal shipping document pickers use to locate items to ship for an order. If you use
standard pick slips, each order will have its own pick slip within each picking batch. If
you use the consolidated pick slip, the pick slip contains all orders released in that
picking batch.
pick slip grouping rule
Criterion for grouping together various types of pick slips. The rule dictates how the
Pick Slip Report program groups released lines into different pick slips.
A configure-to-order environment where the options and included items in a model
appear on pick slips and order pickers gather the options when they ship the order.
Alternative to manufacturing the parent item on a work order and then shipping it.
Pick-to-order is also an item attribute that you can apply to standard, model, and option
class items.
pick-to-order (PTO) item
A predefined configuration order pickers gather as separately finished included items
just before they ship the order. See kit.
pick-to-order (PTO) model
An item with an associated bill of material with optional and included items. At order
entry, the configurator is used to choose the optional items to include for the order. The
order picker gets a detailed list of the chosen options and included items to gather as
separately finished items just before the order is shipped.
The process of withdrawing items from inventory to be shipped to a customer.

picking header
Internal implementation of picking header that identifies distinct combinations of Pick
Release criteria (Warehouse, Sales Order, Shipping Priority, Freight Carrier, Ship To,
Backorder) in the previous product design. Picking Headers will be generated internally
at Pick Release to ensure compatibility with the View Orders. However, when a
delivery is closed in the Ship Confirm window, Picking Headers will be updated
internally again to ensure all picking lines of a Picking Header are associated with the
same delivery. The reason to maintain Picking Headers at Ship Confirm again is for the
compatibility of the Update Shipment program. Update Shipment will process all
Picking Headers associated with a delivery.

picking line
An instruction to pick a specific quantity of a specific item for a specific order. Each pick
slip contains one or more picking lines, depending on the number of distinct items
released on the pick slip.

picking rule
A user-defined set of criteria to define the priorities Order Management uses when
picking items out of finished goods inventory to ship to a customer. Picking rules are
defined in Oracle Inventory.

planning production sequence number
Number generated by the Demand Processor to guarantee a unique production
sequence code for departure planning. The customer production sequence number may
be insufficient because it is not necessarily unique.

planning schedule
An EDI document (830/DELFOR/DELINS) used to communicate long-range forecast
and material release information to suppliers.

See purchase order.

price breaks
Discounts for buying large quantities or values of a particular item of a particular UOM,
item category or any enabled pricing attribute.

price list
A list containing the base selling price per unit for a group of items, item categories or
service offered. All prices in a price list are for the same currency.

pricing quantity
The ordered quantity converted to the pricing UOM.

private API
An API intended to be used by the owning module only, giving maximum flexibility to
other calling APIs. Calling APIs / program units are able to control execution of logic
based on type of operation being performed.

private label
Where a supplier agrees to supply a customer with product labeled as the customers
product. The customer is generally a retailer.

A series of actions taken to manage a document or transaction to achieve a desired
result. A process is represented by a workflow diagram.

A set of Oracle Workflow activities that need to be performed to accomplish a business
goal. see Account Generator, process activity,process definition.

profile option
A set of changeable options that affect the way your applications run. In general, profile
options can be set at one or more of the following levels: site, application, responsibility,
and user.

proforma invoice
A detailed quotation prepared as to resemble the actual Receivables invoice likely to
result if the quotation is successful, which shows the buyer what the seller is willing to
do, as well as his or her expectations including (but not limited to): Terms of Payment,
Terms of Delivery/Terms of Sale, Price of Goods, Quantity of Goods, Freight and
Special Charges. The Proforma Invoice has no accounting and no Open Receivable.

Program Unit
Any packaged PL/SQL procedure or function.

Program Unit Level Tags
Program unit level tags must appear immediately after keyword 'IS'.
TPS Program Unit: --<TPA_TPS>

A unit of work broken down into one or more tasks, for which you specify revenue and
billing methods, invoice formats, a managing organization, and project manager
bill rates schedules. You can charge costs to a project, as well as generate and maintain
revenue, Project Manufacturing. The type of project that uses Projects with
Manufacturing to track the costs of a manufacturing-related project against a project

project subinventory
A subinventory with a project reference into which terms can be delivered and out of
which items can be issued and transferred.

project task
A subdivision of Project Work. Each project can have a set of top level tasks and a
hierarchy of subtasks below each top level task. You can charge costs to tasks at the
lowest level only. See Work Breakdown Structure.

proof of delivery
A document that the customers receiving dock signs to show how much they received.
It may be used as the basis of billing by a haulage company.

Prorated Discounts
Prorated discounts allocate the discount for one order line across multiple order lines
for revenue purposes. When you define the discount, you indicate whether the
allocation is across all lines on the order, or just lines in the same item category as the
order line being discounted. Use prorated discounts to even out the revenue effect of
sales if your salespeople discount some items more heavily than others and you do not
want to affect the total revenue for the commonly discounted product.

protection level
In Oracle Workflow, a numeric value ranging from 0 to 1000 that represents who the
data is protected from for modification. When workflow data is defined, it can either be
set to customizable (1000), meaning anyone can modify it, or it can be assigned a
protection level that is equal to the access level of the user defining the data. In the latter
case, only users operating at an access level equal to or lower than the data's protection
level can modify the data. See Account Generator

PTO item
See pick-to-order item.

PTO model
See pick-to-order model.

Public API
A tightly controlled API intended for use by all applications. The public API would not
assume any pre processing of data and would fully validate all data before performing
various operations.

Public Program Unit
Those program units published as customizable by Oracle Development teams. Layers
can be built only on those program units that are designated by an Oracle Development
team as public. These may also be referred to as published or customizable program

purchase order
A type of purchase order you issue when you request delivery of goods or services for
specific dates and locations. You can order multiple items for each planned or standard
purchase order. Each purchase order line can have multiple shipments and you can
distribute each shipment across multiple accounts. See standard purchase orderand
planned purchase order.

purchase requisition
An internal request for goods or services. A requisition can originate from an employee
or from another process, such as inventory or manufacturing. Each requisition can
include many lines, generally with a distinct item on each requisition line. Each
requisition line includes at least a description of the item, the unit of measure, the
quantity needed, the price per item, and the Accounting Flexfield you are charging for
the item. See internal sales order.

purchased item
An item that you buy and receive. If an item is also an inventory item, you may also be
able to stock it. See inventory item.

A technique for deleting data in Oracle Manufacturing that you no longer need to run
your business.

quantity on hand
Current quantity of an item in inventory.

A document that commits the selling party to price and delivery date.

A shipment from one supplier that can include many items ordered on many purchase

received quantity
The quantity of an inventory item returned by a customer for which you are not issuing
a credit. Sometimes this is temporary, while you evaluate the condition of the item; at
other times you return the items to the customer, or keep them but do not allow a
credit. See accepted quantity.

Ad dock at the receiving facility to receive goods from suppliers or customers. PO owns
the receiving software.

receiving and inspection
A condition of a returned inventory item signifying it has been received but is being
inspected for damage. If in acceptable condition, the items are transferred to stock and a
credit can be issued. If unacceptable, the items can be returned to the customer or

remit-to addresses
The address to which your customers remit their payments.

remittance advice
A document that lists the invoices being paid with a particular payment document.

remittance bank
The bank in which you deposit your receipts.

An organized display of Oracle Applications information. A report can be viewed
on-line or sent to a printer. The content of information in a report can range from a
summary to a complete listing of values.

A guaranteed allotment of product to a specific sales order. A hold is placed on specific
terms that assures that a certain quantity of an item is available on a certain date when
transacted against a particular charge entity. Once reserved, the product cannot be
allocated to another sales order or transferred in Inventory. Oracle Order Management
checks ATR (Available to Reserve) to verify an attempted reservation. Also known as
hard reservation.

Reservation Time Fence
Time (in terms of days) before the schedule date, before which a line should be reserved
in inventory.

An action you take in Purchasing to reserve funds for a purchasing document or an
action in Order Management to allocate products for a sales order. If the document
passes the submission tests and if you have sufficient authority, Purchasing reserves
funds for the document.
See action result.

result code
In Oracle Workflow, the internal name of a result value, as defined by the result type.
See result type, result value

result type
In Oracle Workflow, the name of the lookup type that contains an activity's possible
result values. See result code,result value

result value
In Oracle Workflow, the value returned by a completed activity, such as Approved.See
result code,, result type

retrobill order
A bill-only type order that is created by the Retrobilling Engine to reflect the change in
price that has occurred to the original retrobilled order.

retrobilled order
The original order where the goods were originally shipped to the customer. This order
most likely will be closed at the time retrobilling is executed, or it may still be open if
some lines have not shipped.

Synonym for Retroactive Billing.

retrobilling request
A retrobilling request represents an invocation of the Retrobilling engine by a user. An
executed retrobilling request may have one or more pending adjustments, approved
invoice adjustments, and approved price adjustments associated with it.

Retry Activities in Error
Concurrent program Retry Activities in Error enables you to retry activities that have
errored out in Workflow. These activities can be retried in batch.

In Purchasing, an AutoCreate option that lets a buyer return a requisition line and all
other unpurchased requisition lines on the same requisition to the requisition preparer.
In Order Management, it is the opposite of a sales order. It involves receipt of goods
previously sold to a customer, credit to a customer, and possibly replacement with an
identical or similar product.

return days
Return days are the number of days since a return is entered before it is accepted. This
is calculated as the accepted date - ordered date (Note accepted = fulfilled).

Return of Material Goods (RMG)
SeeReturn Material Authorization.

return material authorization (RMA)
Permission for a customer to return items. Receivables allows you to authorize the
return of your sales orders as well as sales made by other dealers or suppliers, as long
as the items are part of your item master and price list.

return reason
Justification for a return of a specific product. Many companies have standard reasons
that are assigned to returns to be used to analyze the quantity and types of returns. See
credit memo reasons.

return to supplier
A transaction that allows you to return to the supplier items from a fully or partially
received purchase order and receive credit for them.

revenue recognition
The schedule for which revenue for a particular transaction is recorded in your general

revenue sales credit
Sales credit you assign to your salespeople that is based on your invoice lines. The total
percentage of all revenue sales credit must be equal to 100% of your invoice lines
amount. Also known asquota sales creditsSee non-revenue sales credit,sales credit.

A particular version of an item, bill of material, or routing.

revision control
An inventory control option that tracks inventory by item revision and forces you to
specify a revision for each material transaction.

See request for quotation.

Risk Management
Ascertains the credit worthiness of the customer. If risk validation fails for that
customer, the order is placed on hold.

See Return Material Authorization.

RMG(Return of Material Goods)
SeeReturn Material Authorization.

Customer Contact business function according to company's terminology.

Is a non-profit organization dedicated to creating, implementing and promoting open
e-business standards. These standards form a common e-business language, aligning
processes between trading partners on a global basis.

sales credit
Credits that you assign to your salespeople when you enter orders, invoices and
commitments. Credits can be either quota or non-quota and can be used in determining
commissions. See non-revenue sales credit,revenue sales credit.

sales group
Sales Group represents a managerial unit for sales resources and can be defined as a
team of sales people. Sales groups make up enterprise sales organizations.

sales tax
A tax collected by a tax authority on the purchase of goods and services based on the
destination of the supply of gods or services. You can set up your Sales Tax Location
Flexfield structure to determine your sales tax rates and to validate your customer
addresses. For example, in the United States, sales tax is usually calculated by adding
the tax rates assigned to the shipping state, county, city.

sales tax structure
The collection of taxing bodies that you will use to determine your tax authority.
'State.County.City' is an example of a Sales Tax Structure. Oracle Automotive adds
together the tax rates for all of these components to determine a customer's total tax
liability for an order.

A person responsible for the sale of products or services. Salespeople are associated
with orders, returns, invoices, commitments, and customers. You can also assign sales
credits to your salespeople.
The salesperson parameter in both reports is based upon a query of the default
salesperson stored on the header for each order. Although the header level salesperson
may not have actually received credit for any of the lines in the order, due to line level
overrides, our parameter is based upon the header information. Further, the Discount
Summary report displays this header level salesperson on the report. If a user needs to
truly check for salesperson level information, they should run the Salesperson Order
Summary Report.

Salesperson and Ship to Country
Order Management prints the salesperson name and the Ship to Country if the line and
the header level information differs from each other. If it is the same, than this
information is not printed at the line level.

schedule and shipments
The EDI Standards refer to dates and quantities to be shipped below the item level to be
'Schedule' data (found on SCH Schedule segments). To Oracle Order Entry this data is
'Shipment' Data.

schedule arrival date
The date returned by the system on which your customer can receive the products.

schedule date
The date for a master schedule entry for an item. A schedule for an item has a schedule
date and an associated quantity. For Order Management, it is considered the date the
order line should be ready to ship, the date communicated from Order Management to
Inventory as the required date any time you reserve or place demand for an order line.

Schedule Ship Date
Date that Global Order Promising determines, based on lead times and availability of
the items in the configuration.

Order scheduling includes assigning demand or reservations, warehouses, shipment
dates, and lots or subinventories to an order line. This will cause the demand to be
planned in Material Planning Systems.

Given a record set and a condition, the Scope (All/Any) defines how the validation
should be performed on records of the record set. 'All' will require the validation to be
TRUE for all the records in the set where are 'Any' will require the validation to be
TRUE for at least one record in the set, to make the condition TRUE.

securing attributes
Securing attributes allow you to control which database rows are displayed in inquiries
based on the values assigned to the user. These attributes allow rows (records) of data
to be visible to specified users based on the specific data (attribute value) contained in
the row.

selling price
Selling Price is defined as the price derived after applying price adjustments to the list
price. The selling price is the unit cost for a particular item. Thus, if two of item A cost
$10.00 each, the selling price is $10.00 for each unit.

senior tax authority
The first tax location in your sales tax structure. This segment does not have a parent
location. For example, if your sales tax structure is 'State.County.City', then State is the
senior tax authority.

sequenced lines
A method of sending demand to a supplier that indicates the order in which the
customer wants the truck loaded. When the customer unloads the truck, the parts will
match the sequence of the customer's production, so they can be taken right to the
production line. The order quantity is 1, and it has a unique identifier that can be used
to perform Load Sequence in Delivery Based Shipping.

serial number
A number assigned to each unit of an item and used to track the item.

serial number control
A manufacturing technique for enforcing use of serial numbers during a material

A benefit or privilege that can be applied to a product. Oracle Service categorizes the
items you define as serviceable, thereby making them serviceable items. You can order
or apply service to serviceable items.

service contracts (OKS)
Service Contracts is an Oracle application that tracks information on serviceable

service item
An inventory item used to define a service program or warranty. Service items can be
recorded against serviceable products. A synonym for serviceable item is a serviceable

service item feature
A particular service component, such as implementation or telephone support, that you
include with a service item. Once you classify an inventory item as a service type item
and enter the service program related attributes for it, you can list the specific services
your service item includes.

Service Level
Category of delivery service – for example, overnight or next day, or gold.

service order
An order containing service order lines. Service may be for new products or for
existing, previously ordered products.

service program
A billable service item. Usually a service that customers purchase in addition to a
product's base warranty.

serviceable item
An inventory item that your organization supports and services, either directly or
through the supplier of the item, regardless of who actually manufactures the item. A
serviceable item can be an end item, both an end item and a component or part in other
end items, or just a component.

serviceable item class
A category that groups serviceable items. Each class must be of the type Serialized or
Non-Serialized. You can group serialized serviceable items in a serialized serviceable
item class; you can group non-serialized serviceable items in a non-serialized
serviceable item class. A given item may be the member of only one item class at any
given time.

serviced customer product
An entity that identifies a service your customer has recorded against a particular
product installation. If you order service against a product in Oracle Order
Management, Oracle Service automatically links the product and the service being
recorded against the product by creating a serviced customer product. A customer
product installation may have more than one serviced product.

set of books
A financial reporting entity that partitions General Ledger information and uses a
particular chart of accounts, functional currency, and accounting calendar. This concept
is the same whether or not the Multi-organization support feature is implemented.

ship-to address
A location where items are to be shipped.

ship confirmation
To enter shipped quantity and inventory controls for specific shippable lines. You can
ship confirm the same delivery/departure repeatedly until you close the
delivery/departure. Once it is closed, no more changes can be made into a

ship date
The date upon which a shippable item is shipped.

Ship Delivery Pattern Code
Usually applied against a weekly quantity to describe how demand is allotted. This
code indicates which days of the week the customer wants the quantity delivered and
how the weekly quantity is to be divided between the different ship days.

ship from contact
How will we record or default the name of the person who will ship the goods. This
may be a contact at a supplier or it may be an employee in the Departure planning
department. This is the person that a Customer Service Representative may contact
about a scheduling query.

ship method
A header and line level field in Order Management that combines the carrier, mode,
and level of service. A line attribute in Order Management.

Ship Partial
An order attribute indicating whether you allow partial shipments of an order. If you
enter Yes for the Ship Partial field on an order, individual order lines can be shipped as
they are available and you can assign different ship to locations and other order line
details to different shipments in an order line. See Ship Together

ship set
A group of order lines, linked by a common number, for which you want the full
quantity to ship all together.

Ship to Contact
How will we record or default the name of the person who will receive the goods. This
is the person that Customer Service and Shipping Personal should be contacting to
make delivery appointments and pass rescheduling notifications.

Ship Together
An order attribute indicating that you do not allow partial shipments of the order. You
can also specify a configuration as Ship Together by setting the Ship Model Complete item
attribute for the model item to Yes. seeShip Partial, ship together model.

Ship Together model
A model item with the Ship Model Complete item attribute set to Yes. This indicates that
the entire configuration must be delivered in the same shipment. If the item attribute is
set to No, components can ship separately. ATO items and configurations are inherently
Ship Together models. see ship set.

ship via
See freight carrier.

An individual package sent to a customer. Thus, a shipment might contain an entire
order, if all items in that order are pick released and packed together. A shipment might
contain just part of an order that is pick released and packed. A shipment might also
contain only part of a released order line, where some of the items on the picking slip
are not in stock.

shipment priority
A term that indicates the urgency with which an order should be shipped to the

shipment reference number
A unique reference number associated with a unique shipment date/time and quantity

shipment schedule
An itemized list of when, how, where, and in what quantities to ship an order line.

shipment set
A group of items that must ship-together.

shipments and schedules
The EDI standards refer to dates and quantities to be shipped for an item to be Schedule
data. To Oracle Order Management, this is Shipment data.

shippable item
An item with the Shippable inventory item attribute set to Yes, indicating that this item
will appear on pick slips and pack slips. See intangible item.

shippable lines
Picking line details that have been pick released and are now eligible for Ship Confirm.

shipped quantity
Oracle Order Management prints the Total Shipped Quantity for an item for an order.

shipper bill of lading number
A number that can be pre-assigned by a carrier in the cases where the shipper's system
generates the bill of lading.

shippers name
The complete corporate name should be shown in this space. In the event the shipment
is being made for someone other than the actual shipper, their name should also appear
in this space.

shipping contact
How will we record or default the shipping contact. This is person that the Customer
Service Rep will talk to at the Haulier. The haulier may be a supplier or it may be an
owned fleet. This means that the shipper contact may be an employee or it may be a
supplier contact. Also we should note that we will have to model drivers as we develop
the Transportation Management model.

shipping documents
Shipping related reports, such as the Bill of Lading, Commercial Invoice, Mailing Label,
Pack Slip, Vehicle Load Sheet Summary, and Waybill.

shipping instructions
Notes that print on the pick slip. These instructions are intended for internal use.

shipping lead time
The number of working days normally required for goods to move between a shipping
and receiving point, plus acceptance time in days at the receiving point.

shipping point
The location from which material is sent.

shipping schedule
An EDI document (862/DELJIT/DELINS) used by a customer to convey precise shipping
schedule requirements to a supplier, and intended to supplement the planning schedule
transaction set (830/DELFOR).

SIC code (Standard Industry Classification Code)
A standard classification created by the government used to categorize your customers.

site use
The function of a particular customer location serves. It can either be a ship-to or
deliver-to or bill-to. See business purpose.

Ship Model Complete. Used to describe Models which needs to be shipped together
with their options.

SOB currency
Set Of Books Currency –This is the currency that the General Ledger books are kept in.

soft reservation
The planning process considers sales order demand soft reservation.

Sold to Contact
(Placed by) How will we record or default the name of the person that placed the order.
This is the person that the Customer service representative will contact at the Customer
Site in the event of Ordering queries.

The action of identifying a purchasing source or supplier for goods or services. To
identify the best sources for your purchases, you can create RFQs that you send to your
suppliers, enter quotations from your supplier, and evaluate these quotations for each
item you purchase.

sourcing externally
When a customer orders an item, we ship it from one of our warehouses. This is known
as sourced internally. But we ask our vendor to ship to the customer directly, we say the
item is sourced externally.

split amount
A dollar amount that determines the number of invoices over and under this amount,
as well as the total amounts remaining. For example, your company generates invoices
that are either $300 or $500. You choose $400 as your split amount so that you can
review how much of your open receivables are comprised of your $300 business and
how much corresponds to your $500 business. The split amount appears in the
Collection Effectiveness Indicators Report.

spot exchange rate
A daily exchange rate you use to perform foreign currency conversion. The spot
exchange rate is usually a quoted market rate that applies to the immediate delivery of
one currency for another.

standard actions
Order Management provides a selection of predefined actions, called standard actions.
Use these actions, along with those you define yourself, to create your customized order
cycles. See cycle actionorder cycle.

standard bill of material
A bill of material for a standard item, such as a manufactured product or assembly.

standard component
A mandatory component used to assemble an ATO (assemble-to-order) item or

standard item
Any item that can have a bill or be a component on a bill except planning items, option
classes, or models. Standard items include purchased items, subassemblies, and
finished products.

standard note
A routine message you can predefine and automatically or manually attach to orders,
returns, order lines, and return lines to convey important information. see one-time
note, automatic note.

standard value
The default value Order Entry automatically places in an attribute to improve the
efficiency and accuracy with which you enter an order. The standard value for an
attribute is frequently based on other values in the order. See attribute, default value,
object, standard value rule set.

standing data
Data that is generally independent, not subject to frequent changes, consumption or
transactions, i.e.,customer data, item data, address data.

See customer status.

A point along the route a trip makes to its final destination. This point may also have
some activity associated with it. The activity might include picking up a new delivery,
dropping off a delivery or both. In Pick Release, stop is a release criteria for releasing
items that have initial pick-up locations corresponding to the specified stop, or location.

Subdivision of an organization, representing either a physical area or a logical grouping
of items, such as a storeroom or receiving dock.

A subdivision of a lot which may be used when an entire lot is more than would be
used or produced at any one time, but grouping of the material into a single lot is still
desired. This maintains the integrity of the overall lot, but allows it to be consumed in
manageable pieces.

Alternate item. If inventory is not available of a certain item, rather than lose a sale, the
order taker would suggest an alternate, similar item for the customer to purchase.

Data at master (header) level representing similar information contained in more than
sources at the detail level.

To take the place of. If an item has been superceded, it means it has been replaced with
another item. This often happens when an item becomes obsolete.

supply reserved
A schedule status showing that Oracle Work in Process (WIP) has recognized the
demand for an item or configuration and opened a work order to supply the demand.
Once the work order is complete and the finished product is received in inventory, WIP
transfers a reservation for the finished product to the sales order. The schedule status
for the order line or order line detail is then changed to be Reserved.

System date
The current date when the user is trying to access the system. This date is currently
used by pricing to validate the pricing end date.

system items flexfield
A flexfield that allows you to define the structure of your item identifier according to
your business requirements. You can choose the number and order of segments (such as
product and product line), the length of each segment, and much more. You can define
up to twenty segments for your item. Also known as Item Flexfield.

Terms and Conditions associated with the Blanket – Contracts.

Table of Denial Orders
A government restriction on exports of certain products to certain countries and

tare weight
The weight of an item, excluding packaging or included items. The weight of a
substance, obtained by deducting the weight of the empty container from the gross
weight of the full container.

tax amount
Tax which will be calculated based upon the extended selling price and freight charges.

tax authority
A governmental entity that collects taxes on goods and services purchased by a
customer from a supplier. In some countries, there are many authorities (e.g. state, local
and federal governments in the U.S.), while in others there may be only one. Each
authority may charge a different tax rate. You can define a unique tax name for each tax
authority. If you have only one tax authority, you can define a unique tax name for each
tax rate that it charges. A governmental entity that collects taxes on goods and services
purchased by a customer from a supplier. In some countries, there are many authorities
(e.g. state, local and federal governments in the U.S.), while in others there may be only
one. Each authority may charge a different tax rate. Within Oracle Automotive tax
authority consists of all components of your tax structure. For example: (California.San
Mateo.Redwood Shores) for (State.County.City) Oracle Automotive adds together the
tax rates for all of these locations to determine a customer's total tax liability order

tax codes
Codes to which you assign sales tax or value-added tax rates. Oracle Receivables lets
you choose state codes as the tax code when you define sales tax rates for the United

tax condition
A feature that allows you to define and evaluate one or more conditional lines. After
execution, each tax condition may have one or more actions based on how each
transaction against the condition validates.

tax engine
A collection of programs, user defined system parameters, and hierarchical flows used
by Order Entry and Receivables to calculate tax.

tax exclusive
Indicates that tax is not included in the line amount for this item.

tax exempt
A customer, business purpose, or item free from tax charges.

tax group
A tax group that allows you to build a schedule of multiple conditional taxes.

tax inclusive
Indicates that the line amount for an item includes the tax for this item.

tax location
A specific tax location within your tax authority. For example 'Redwood Shores' is a tax
location in the Tax Authority (California.San Mateo.Redwood Shores).

To come to an end, to serve as an ending, limit, or boundary of.

A feature that lets you categorize your customers or salespeople. For example, you can
group your customers by geographic region or industry type.

territory flexfield
A key flexfield you can use to categorize customers and salespersons.

total credits/adjustments
Oracle Order Management prints the (Originally Due Amount - Balance Due
Remaining) for each order listed on this report.

trading partner
Any company that sends and receives documents via EDI.

Trading Partner Architecture (TPA)
The framework that supports PL/SQL based layer development and deployment.

trading partner flexfield
Descriptive flexfields reserved on several base tables for capturing additional attributes
applicable to specific trading partners. They are provided for most of the base tables in
Oracle Release Management, Shipping and Order Management.

trading partner layer
The trading partner specific code created to replace Base Layer code. The layer consists
of a set of PL/SQL program units that perform trading partner specific processing or
validations in place of the generic code provided by Oracle Development.
Layer Providers develop this code and populate the Trading Partner Layers by
importing the trading partner specific code into the TPA repository. In this way, Layer
Providers can develop Trading Partner Layers composed of trading partner specific
code for various trading partners.

Trading Partner Selector (TPS)
A program unit which accepts context information for the business transaction and
derives trading partner entities being processed in the current transaction instance.

trailer number
This number is used to track full truckload shipments.

Type Order and Lines can be grouped together loosely as certain Transaction Types.
Accordingly, a transaction type can be used to default attributes/controls for an order or
a line. Transaction Type Code determines whether the transaction type is an Order
Transaction Type or a Line Transaction Type.

transaction batch source
A source you define in Oracle Receivables to identify where your invoicing activity
originates. The batch source also controls invoice defaults and invoice numbering.

transaction interface
An open interface table through which you can import transactions. Seeopen interface

transaction manager
A concurrent program that controls your manufacturing transactions.
transaction type
A feature that allows you to specify default values for orders and order lines including
the customer, the ship-to location, and internal or external orders.

transaction type code
Transaction type code determines whether the transaction type is an Order Transaction
Type or a Line Transaction Type.

In Oracle Workflow, the relationship that defines the completion of one activity and the
activation of another activity within a process. In a process diagram, the arrow drawn
between two activities represents a transition. See activity,Workflow Engine

An instance of a specific Freight Carrier departing from a particular location containing
deliveries. The carrier may make other stops on its way from the starting point to its
final destination. These stops may be for picking up or dropping off deliveries.

trip stop
A location at which the trip is due for a pick-up or drop-off.

unit number effectivity
A method of controlling which components are used to make an end item based on an
assigned end item unit number. See model/unit number effectivity.

unit of measure
The unit that the quantity of an item is expressed.

unit of measure class
A group of units of measure and their corresponding base unit of measure. The
standard unit classes are Length, Weight, Volume, Area, Time, and Pack.

unit of measure conversions
Numerical factors that enable you to perform transactions in units other than the
primary unit of the item being transacted.

An exact instance of a vehicle type (for example, truck123). This information is sent to
the customer through the Advance Ship Notice.

vehicle type
The outermost container, such as a truck or railcar.

See supplier.

As defined in case is "a means of accessing a subset of the database as if it were a table."
In simpler terms, a database view is a stored query.


A non-billable, zero-monetary service item attached directly to a product at shipment.

A document containing a list of goods and shipping instructions relative to a shipment.

waybill number
The number associated with a waybill that you record for the shipping batch at ship

Web Applications Dictionary
Oracle Web Applications Dictionary is a data dictionary that stores specific information
about application data including information about views, columns, prompts, language,
navigation, security, validation and defaulting.

The measurement of heaviness or mass of a product or shipment rather than the
volume or quantity.

weight break
A designated limit for the pound or kilogram rate change. For example: -100lbs, 100lbs
and 220lbs are the weight categories for the pound rate. -45kgs, 45kgs, and 100kgs are
the weight categories for the kilogram rate.

See work in process.

work in process
An item in various phases of production in a manufacturing plant. This includes raw
material awaiting processing up to final assemblies ready to be received into inventory.

This determines the header flow for an order transaction type or line flows possible for
a line transaction type. There can be only one header flow associated with an Order
Transaction Type but a line Transaction Type can be coupled with different Order
Types and Item Types and there can be different flow couplings for the permitted
Transaction Type, Item Type combinations.

The area within an encompassing set of locations. A zone is used as a charging
mechanism for deliveries and freight rating for the order quote. A collection of
locations. The area within a concentric ring from a warehouse.
Used in Oracle Pricing to refer to the supply of a value for an attribute. See defaulting
and dimension sourcing.
invoice, unbilled receivable and unearned revenue information for a project.
Refers to the ability to promise availability based on a pre-defined statement of current
and planned supply.

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